Webinar: National Academies Board on Human-Systems Integration (BOHSI) Panel: Exploring the Changing Nature of Work - Nonmember Access
Recorded On: 12/06/2021
The National Academies Board on Human Systems Integration (BOHSI) has organized this session exploring the changing nature of an essential human activity—work. Policing, the military, healthcare, and numerous other fields are being shaped by powerful forces. The Panel brings together prominent researchers to reflect on the organizational and societal changes as well as the impact of emerging technologies that are likely to shape the nature of work in the future.
Andrew Imada (Moderator)
Certified Professional Ergonomist
ANDREW IMADA is a specialist in human and organizational change and a Certified Professional Ergonomist. Dr. Imada was a professor of Ergonomics and Safety Sciences at the University of Southern California for 19 years. He also served as the director of the USC Safety Science Center and the International Distance Learning Liaison at the university’s Center for Scholarly Technology. Dr. Imada won the 1998 Liberty Mutual Prize and the 2000 Liberty Mutual Medal in international competitions for occupational safety and ergonomics research. His work focuses on helping people and organizations change to improve productivity, safety, quality, and work systems. He was a visiting scholar at Luleå University in Sweden, teaching graduate courses on implementing participatory strategies for improving safety, ergonomics and productivity and has served on the Board of Consulting Editors for the Journal of Applied Psychology. He has served as a director on the Board of Certification in Professional Ergonomics and is a Fellow of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society and the International Ergonomics Association. Dr. Imada earned his Bachelor of Arts in psychology and business from the University of San Francisco and his masters and doctoral degrees from The Ohio State University in industrial and organizational psychology.
National Science Foundation
TARA S. BEHREND is a National Science Foundation program director in the Social, Behavioral, and Economic Sciences directorate. Specifically, she serves as director for the Science of Organizations (SoO) program, which funds research advancing our understanding of how organizations develop, form, and operate. In fall 2022 she will resume her faculty position as an industrial and organizational psychologist at Purdue University. Her research interests center around understanding and resolving barriers to computer-mediated work effectiveness, especially in the areas of training, recruitment, and selection. She is also interested in career decision-making, specifically relating to STEM fields. She provides psychometric consulting for the American Council on Education and has consulted for a wide range of public and private organizations in the areas of training, skills development and selection.
MICA ENDSLEY is president of SA Technologies and is the former chief scientist for the U.S. Air Force. She has also held the positions of visiting associate professor at MIT in the Department of Aeronautics and Astronautics and associate professor of Industrial Engineering at Texas Tech University. She was formerly an engineering specialist at the Northrop Corporation. Endsley is a fellow and past president of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society. She is a recognized world leader in the design, development and evaluation of systems to support human situation awareness and decision making, and the integration of humans and automation. She has published extensively on the effects of automation and AI on human performance and situation awareness. She has authored more than 200 scientific articles and is the coauthor of Analysis and Measurement of Situation Awareness and Designing for Situation Awareness. Endsley received the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society Jack Kraft Innovator Award and the Aerospace Medical Association Kent Gillingham Award for her work in situation awareness. She is currently a member of the Board of Human-System Integration of the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering and Medicine and has previously served on the National Academies’ Aeronautics and Space Engineering Board (2008 to 2013), as well as the Army Research Laboratory Technical Assessment Board Panel on Soldier Systems (1998 to 2000) and Panel on Human Factors in the Design of Tactical Display Systems for the Individual Soldier (1994 to 1996). She received her Ph.D. in industrial and systems engineering from the University of Southern California in 1990.
Provost Distinguished Research Professor
Institute for Simulation and Training; University of Central Florida
PETER A. HANCOCK is Provost Distinguished Research Professor in the Department of Psychology and the Institute for Simulation and Training, as well as at the Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering and the Department of Industrial Engineering and Management Systems at the University of Central Florida (UCF). In 2009 he was created the 16th ever UCF University Pegasus Professor (the Institution’s highest honor) and in 2012 was named 6th ever University Trustee Chair. He directs the MIT2 Research Laboratories. Prior to his current position he founded and was the Director of the Human Factors Research Laboratory (HFRL) at the University of Minnesota where he held appointments as Professor in the Departments of Computer Science and Electrical Engineering, Mechanical Engineering, Psychology, and Kinesiology, as well as being a member of the Cognitive Science Center and the Center on Aging Research. He continues to hold an appointment as a Clinical Adjunct Professor in the Department of Psychology at Minnesota. He is also an affiliated Scientist of the Humans and Automation Laboratory at Duke University, a Research Associate of the University of Michigan Transport Research Institute, and a Senior Research Associate at the Institute for Human and Machine Cognition in Pensacola, Florida. He is also a member of the Scientific Advisory Board of the Hawaii Academy.
Professor and Herbert S. Autrey Chair in Social Sciences
FREDERICK L. OSWALD (BOHSI Chair) is a professor and Herbert S. Autrey Chair in Social Sciences in the Department of Psychological Sciences at Rice University. His expertise, research (100+ publications), and grants focus on measuring individual differences (ability, knowledge, motivation, personality, interests) in organizational, educational, and military settings. He is the recent editor of Workforce Readiness and the Future of Work. He currently serves as the current Chair of the Board on Human Systems Integration (BOHSI) of the National Academy of Science (2015-2021) and was past president (2017-2018) of the Society for Industrial and Organizational Psychology (SIOP). He is also currently an Associate Editor of Journal of Applied Psychology, Associate Editor of Advances in Methods and Practices in Psychological Science, and has served in previous editorial roles, in addition to currently serving on 13 editorial boards. Dr. Oswald is also a Fellow of the American Psychological Association (Div. 5, 8, 14), Association for Psychological Science, and SIOP. He received his Ph.D. in industrial and organizational psychology from the University of Minnesota.
Acting Deputy Director
Office of Community Oriented Policing Services
DEBORAH SPENCE currently serves as an Acting Deputy Director of the Office of Community Oriented Policing Services (COPS Office), a grant-making component of the U.S. Department of Justice focused on providing support to state, local, and tribal law enforcement agencies throughout the country. In her 15 years with the COPS Office she has led efforts to create new grant programs and overseen demonstration projects covering topics including officer wellness, drug interdiction, public safety consolidation, and domestic violence. She also served as the project manager for President Obama’s Task Force on 21st Century Policing. Ms. Spence is the author of multiple COPS Office publications, a champion of multimedia and social media outreach for the agency, and from 2008 to 2013 she was the founding editor-in-chief of the COPS Office e-newsletter, the Community Policing Dispatch. She has also written for Police Chief Magazine and is a contributing author to the Encyclopedia of Community Policing and Problem Solving. Prior to joining the COPS Office in 2005, she worked for the Institute for Law and Justice in Alexandria, Virginia on a number of national evaluations of criminal justice programs created by the 1994 Violent Crime Control and Law Enforcement Act. This included authoring more than two dozen reports and practitioner-oriented guidebooks relating to police and prosecutorial response to domestic violence, traffic stop analysis, and community policing. Ms. Spence holds a master’s degree in Justice, Law, and Society from American University as well as a master’s degree in Modern European History from the University of St. Andrews in Scotland.
Vanderbilt University School of Medicine
MATTHEW B. WEINGER, a member of the Board on Human Systems Integration (BOHSI) of the National Academies of Science, Engineering, and Medicine, holds the Norman Ty Smith chair in patient safety and medical simulation and is a professor of anesthesiology, biomedical informatics, and medical education at the Vanderbilt University School of Medicine. He is the director of Vanderbilt University’s Center for Research and Innovation in Systems Safety (CRISS and is a professor of civil and environmental engineering in the Vanderbilt University School of Engineering. Dr. Weinger has been teaching and conducting research in human factors engineering in healthcare, patient safety, technology development, simulation, and clinical decision making for nearly three decades. He is a fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS) and of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society (HFES). He has held significant leadership roles in the Association for the Advancement of Medical Instrumentation (AAMI), the Anesthesia Patient Safety Institute, the Anesthesia Quality Institute, and the Society for Technology in Anesthesia. He received the 2020 A. R. Lauer Safety Award for “outstanding contributions to human factors aspects in the broad area of safety” from the HFES. Dr. Weinger received a Bachelors degree in electrical engineering and a Master’s degree in Biology from Stanford University in 1978. He completed his M.D. degree at the University of California–San Diego (UCSD) in 1982, did his anesthesiology residency training at the University of California–San Francisco, and additional postdoctoral work at both UCSD and Stanford University.